Future of Food Waste
Does a global food shortage really exist? Or we are simply ignoring the fact that amount of food available is more than sufficient to feed starving people worldwide. Let us understand this with an example of Banana trading. Banana is the most transported fruit in the world and the banana industry costs many billion dollars. But most of banana produced goes to waste before being consumed. Not only banana but a third of total food goes to bin before reaching the consumers or rots away after you have bought it. Why is it that we are failing to make it available for the needy or starving people? Book Cheap and Best Hotels
There are mainly two reasons why this occurs. Firstly the food loss which happens between producer and the market. Second one is known as food waste which results when purchased food is discarded by the consumer.
Developing countries suffer the food loss much due inadequate storing facilities, transportation delays. About 40 to 50 % fruit and vegetables are wasted globally. Top Business Tips For ME
When this takes place all the time, energy, production and maintenance cost and transportation cost is also wasted.
Chief executive of Tropic Biosciences, Gilad Gershon suggests that by increasing the shelf life of the fruit further ripening of banana can be slowed down and the waste of food due to transportation delays can be minimized. Such optimization can be achieved by editing a ripening hormone ‘Ethylene’. This hormone is crucial in ripening process.
It will immensely help food traders move their cargo across the world and to maintain healthy food system. Both food waste and food loss constitute 8% of greenhouse gas emissions.
At production level food loss occurs due to failing crops, infection, and contamination.
At retail level overstocking and selective consumers are two chief reasons.
At household level bulk purchasing, poor planning, and spoiled food account for the food waste.
How to avoid Food waste
- Careful shopping of only required items. Avoiding wasteful instant purchases that result in spoilage of food. Proper storage of fruits and vegetables.
- Disposing the excess food to the needy and have-nots when it is fit for consumption. Discarded food scrapes can be fed to the animals directly. Finally composting is a better option as expired food is dumped into the landfills where it rots and produces methane and other green house gases.
- Discarded bread and other cereal products can be fed to chickens and saved from being wasted.